Finsthwaite Princess - Footnotes & References

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The Finsthwaite Princess - Footnotes and References

  1. I once heard a man telling his companion as they passed my house that everyone in Finsthwaite was Roman Catholic as it was so remote a place as never to have been reached by the Reformation. On the subject in general, see A H Thompson, "Superstitions regarding the Middle Ages" Trans. Leics. Archaeol. Soc xxv (1949), 33-50 
  2. See e.g. the story of the "Gentlemanlike foreigner" in J C Dickinson, The Land of Cartmel (1980), 100 
  3. The entry is particularly carefully written as though the vicar was anxious to get the names right. The double "s" in Douglas may be a product of that anxiety. From 1725 all dates and details of Finsthwaite residents are from the Finsthwaite parish registers which are printed to 1840 by the Lancashire Parish Register Society, 135 (1993). Before 1725 Finsthwaite residents appear at Colton or Hawkshead. 
  4. For the Taylor pedigree and the leasing of Waterside, see Janet d Martin (ed), The Account Book of Clement Taylor of Finsthwaite, 1712 - 1753. Record Society of Lancashire and Cheshire, 135 (1997), xi, xv; the date of death of Edward Taylor (1731-90) is given incorrectly on p.xi as 1791. The will is in Lancashire Record Office (= LRO), WRW/F; the probate copy is at Finsthwaite House. 
  5. LRO, DDPd 26/338, f.78v. 
  6. The arrangement is noted in the first parish register: Cumbria Record Office, Kendal (=CRO(K)), WPR 101/11. 
  7. CRO(K) WPR 101/167 
  8. Felix Druit or Drewet was buried, a labourer of Backbarrow, on 8th July 1730. On September 1733 his widow Ann, lodging at the house of Rowland Lickbarrow at Backbarrow Bridge, made a will (LRO, WRW/F) in which she left money to her landlord's son and daughter and a guinea to her landlord "he laying or causing to be laid over my husband's grave and min a Tombstone the Charge not exceeding one Guinea and inviting such a number of Neighbours and friends to my funeral as were at my husband's". She was buried on 7th February 1737. The stone, now much worn, is still in situ. The inscription reads: "Here lye the bodys of Felix & Ann Druit he of Nottingham & she of Darbyshire Anno 1736". Felix Druit was a worker at the Backbarrow Company's furnace: A Fell, the Early Iron Industry of Furness and District (1908), 286. 
  9. H S Cowper wondered if she was a lunatic: Hawkshead (1899), 253n. Ehen I was a child my mother told me that she was and that she was immured in Finsthwaite Rower. That, however, was not built until 1799 and for quite another purpose. 
  10. Was Margaret Fleming the Douglas's servant? If she was it might serve to explain why a Margaret Fleming from Staveley was buried in Finsthwaite on 21st March 1792. 
  11. At Finsthwaite House. 
  12. It is hard to see exactly when she became "Princess" but is may have been either in her lifetime or shortly after her death. It was certainly before Richard Pedder's time. 
  13. William Fell's grandfather Richard, a labourer of unknown origin, came to Finsthwaite and worked in the neighbourhood until he died in 1729: see Martin (ed) Account Book of Clement Taylor, 230. His wife left the parish about 1733 but their five children remained there and members of the family, a prolific one with varying fortunes, lived in Finsthwaite into the twentieth century. 
  14. Barrow News, 17th May 1968. 
  15. In Canon Townley's draft article of 1914 the information is said to have come from John Fell of Flan How, Ulverston: LRO, DDTy 11/5 
  16. At Finsthwaite House 
  17. LRO, DDTy 11/5, draft 3, 1 Feb. 1914 and the edition of 1922. 
  18. Ibid., letter to the Yorkshire Post, 1 May 1913, from H W Fitzpenny of Hull. 
  19. LRO, DDTy 11/5; repeated by e.g. T Cross, A Lakeland Princess (1945), 15. 
  20. CRO (K) WPR 101/12. 
  21. Ibid., 167; in the same collection one of the plans for the new church shows its exact relation to the old, which occupied the space covered by the nave of the present building. 
  22. Notes & queries, 8th swer., xi, 66, 23 Jan. 1897, and ibid., 110-1. The same conclusion was drawn by Clementina Walkingshaw's biographer, C L Berry, in The Young Pretender's Mistress (1977), 32-3. 
  23. Cowper, Hawkshead, 253n. 
  24. Quoted in e.g. D Daiches, Charles Edward Stuart (1973), 292, and in many other places. 
  25. A and H Tayler (eds), The Stuart Papers at Windsor (1939), 238. 
  26. It is not clear where the Roman Catholic theory started. It was certainly put forward in Cumbria, Dec 1986. 
  27. The alternative name for Jolliver Tree. 
  28. LRO, DDPy 12/3. 
  29. D Greenwood, William King: Tory & Jacobite (1969), 22, though his genealogy is imperfect. In 1914 Canon Townley appealed to Notes & Queries for information about Dr King: 11th ser., ix, 230 
  30. Martin (ed) Account Book of Clement Taylor, 230-31. 
  31. Their marriage bond is in LRO, ARR 11 
  32. LRO, DDTy 2/2/3 
  33. LRO, WRW/F, and printed not altogether accurately in J Foster (ed) Wills and Administrations of the various Backhouse Families (1894), 213. 
  34. LRO, DDPd 26/309-10, 312, 319-20; Cumbria Recoird Office, Barrow (=CRO(B)), BPR 17/M1-2, Her will is LRO, DDMc 32/32. 
  35. Sir Walter Scott remembered many who remained sentimentally faithful to the cause. In his own introduction to Redgauntlet (1824) he wrote: "Their love of past times, their tales of bloody battles fought against romantic odds, were all dear to the imagination, and their little idolatry of locks of hair, pictures, rings, ribbons, and other memorials of the time in which they still seemed to live, was an interesting enthusiasm". 
  36. On this see Fell, Early Iron Industry of Furness, 390 sqq., and T W Thompson, Wordsworth's Hawkshead (1970), 22-4, 27-32. James Backhouse sold his share in the Newland Co in 1761: CRO(B), Furness Collection, Z34. For Bonawe, see G P Stell and G D Hay, Bonawe Iron Furnace (Historic Scotland, 1984, repr. 1995) and C Tabraham, "Life after the Blast", County Life 25 October 1984. The Connection with Bonawe, see was first made by H E Barker of Backbarrow in Cumbria, May 1963, and in the Barrow News, 24 May 1968. If it is well-found it is interesting that the fame of the incomers has long outlasted the Furness iron industry. 
  37. LRO, DDTy 11/5 
  38. E.g. in Notes & Queries, 11th ser., viii, 232, and ix, 230. 
  39. There are copies of both in LRO, DDTy 11/5 
  40. E.g. R S in Barrow News, 17 October 1958, Barrow News, 3 Feb 1961, H E Barker and others in Cumbria, May 1963, various authors in Barrow News, 10 May – 21 June 1968, J Marsh in Cumbria, Dec 1986, J C F Barnes in The Scots Magazine, April 1993. There are undoubtedly others, and the Princess gets her full measure of attention in the wilder works on Lake District folklore. M Pennall of Kendal who initiated the correspondence in May and June 1968 stated that "someone died in Backbarrow a few yeares ago who said he was descended from the Royal Stuarts". The eminently sensible H E Barker, a lifelong resident of Backbarrow, replied that he "must have been too near the screen to see the picture for I never saw or heard of him": Barrow News, 24 May 1968. 
  41. Ibid., 21 June 1968. 
  42. Cowper, Hawkshead, 254. 


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